The Afshar carpets are of the Persian Carpets, which are hand-made by the Afshar people. They were traditionally nomadic but today are more stable. They are mainly located in the district of Kerman, in the South East of Iran. For hundreds of years these nomads have lived in northwestern Iran. However, a part of this tribe necessarily moved to the today area. In addition, carpet production became an important activity of them. The weaving activity of the Afshar people is linked to the nomadic culture, which favors the use of the horizontal frame, manual techniques and natural raw materials over the centuries.
The Afshar tribes, of Turkmen linguistic lineage, came from the areas corresponding to the current Azerbaijan. A large nucleus of Afshar has settled in villages in the district of Kerman in Iran. They devoting themselves to agriculture, pastoralism and carpet weaving, without losing the nomadic culture. The progressive integration with the local Persian population has led to the copying and slow fusion of designs and styles. Today it is not easy to distinguish the Afshar carpets from those worked by the native Persians, if not relying on the eyes and on the experience.
Characteristics of Afshar Carpets
The Afshar Persian Carpets, also known as Sirjan, have a robust structure. Moreover, they use cotton yarn for the warp and weft and high quality wool, produced by the Afshar group. The most common designs are the geometric ones, typical of nomadic populations, with frequent references to nature. An original decoration of the Afshar Persian Rugs is the ” morghi “. That is a Persian term that indicates the hen, reproduced hundreds of times, and the medallion motifs. Rustic tribal patterns of Afshar carpets reminds Caucasian carpets or weaves that recall the works of Kerman.
Colors and Patterns of Afshar Carpets
The most used colors, very saturated and decisive, are indigo blue, carnelian red, saffron yellow and ocher. Dyeing exploits, the knowledge handed down over the centuries and uses raw materials such as walnut, pomegranate peel, vine leaves and other natural materials, suitably processed. The texture uses symmetrical and asymmetrical knots, with a density ranging from 120,000 to 250,000 per square meter. Another distinctive feature of the Afshar Carpets is the proportion of the dimensions, as they are wider than normal if not square.
This fantastic example of Afshar Persian Carpet is characterized by a large central field with dense floral.